About Neuropsychiatric function variations
In Sweden, the neuropsychiatric disorder has increased significantly in recent years. This is, according to the researchers one part of the social changes, but above all to the fact that we today have easier to talk about these variations, here referred to as neuropsychiatric function variations (NPF). We can clearly state that the physical health of young and young adults has improved, and instead attention is focused on factors that negatively affect mental health as well as socialization. A positive perspective is that today there is a greater societal readiness to meet the affected individuals and – not least – a greater ability to make the right diagnoses. The number of young people with different forms of NPF is increasing especially in the targeted group (see below) (Försäkringskassan 2017: 5). The mortality rate is high, and many young and young adults live with NPF, but without being diagnosed. This is a high frequency of human suffering for themselves but also for the social environment. NPF of young and young adults can be expressed in a number of ways, some become difficult to handle and others turn inward. Gender differences can be distinguished. Often, psychological problems in men are manifested by the fact that they are tedious and the symptoms are objective and more visible. Women are often more anxious and withdrawn. Women symptoms are often more subjective and because of that more difficult to discern. However, it has become more common in recent years that even women show persistent symptoms.
An empathic approach can, among other things, help to understand people with NPF and prevent over-medication as well as exclusion. How well society understands, sees, meets and/or judges people with NPF can often be vital, since prejudice can slow good contacts in the labor market. Lack of understanding and/or knowledge can ultimately give rise to more psychosomatic problems. By promoting understanding, empathy and a dignified approach, we highlight alternative efforts in the labor market. Transparency towards the target group is crucial for reducing mental health in the long term. Empathy training and skills-enhancing efforts will, therefore, create good conditions for highlighting the employers’ attitude towards the target group and contributing to a positive change.
About the project
Hela Vägen is an ESF-funded project run by Skåne Association of Local Authorities from May 2018 to April 2021. Bromölla municipality, Klippan municipality, and Vellinge municipality participate in the project and the goal is that the results and knowledge-enhancing efforts will be spread throughout Skåne and in the Blekinge municipalities as is included in the upper secondary cooperation agreement. The project focuses on young and young adults aged 16-29 years with neuropsychiatric disabilities as well as those employers who can hire the target group. So that the young and young adults receive the support that is needed to get out to work or study in parallel as the employers are offered broad support for employment and skills-enhancing efforts. The aim of the project is for all participants to be included in a society (in studies, work or internship) after the end of the project. While raising the level of knowledge about the target group and thus also the employers’ attitudes toward hiring these young/young adults with enormous strengths.
The project is financed by: